Catastrophic Flood Dynamic Database

Siberia

Evidence for a vast inland sea which left its shorelines on the hills in deserts of central Asia was reported by geologist and explorer Raphael Pumpelly.

Evidence from the distribution of silt deposits overlying the gravels and sands of the drift exists for a former giant Siberian lake covering most of the West Siberian Plain, an area about twice the area of the present Caspian  Sea., 1,500 km wide and of similar width. Its depth varied from tens of metres to over 100 m. It is thought to have been caused by ice dams located in the Ob and Yenisei valleys.

Siberia's Lake Baikal, the world's deepest lake, contains a rich variety of life including many species found nowhere else in the world. Hydrothermal vent communities have been discovered, about 400 m deep, in the northern part of the lake. A colony of seals living in the lake shows it must have been connected to the sea.
Baikal's Deep Secrets

Evidence for catastrophic flooding in southern Siberia is reported in the following paragraph, quoted from Science Frontiers, # 92. The "ice dam" hypothesis, first suggested by L. Agassiz for the high shorelines of Glen Roy, Scotland, seems to be a standard device for explaining evidence for a catastrophic flood.

14,000 BP. Deep in the Altai Mountains of southern Siberia. About this date, a wall of water 1,500 feet high surged down the Chuja River valley at 90 miles per hour. How does one deduce such a hydrological cataclysm? A. Rudoy, a geologist at Tomsky State Pedagogical Institute, points to giant gravel bars along the Chuja River valley. These are not the inch-sized ripples we seen on the floors of today's rivers; these are giants measuring tens of yards from crest to crest. Only a catastrophic flood could have piled up these ridges of debris. Rudoy postulates that, during the Ice Ages, a huge ice dam upstream held back a lake 3,000 feet deep, containing 200 cubic miles of water. When the ice dam suddenly ruptured, all life and land downstream was devastated.
(Folger, Tim; "The Biggest Flood," Discover, 15:36, January 1994.)
See also:
Rudoy, A.N. and Baker, V.R., 1993.  Sedimentary effects of cataclysmic late Pleistocene glacial outburst flooding, Altay Mountains, Siberia. Sedimentary Geology, v.85, p.53-62.

Mammoths of Siberia

For centuries, mammoth bones have been collected from northern Siberia, and from islands of the Arctic Ocean. These finds seem to point to some watery catastrophe, or flood, as pointed out in the writings of Sir Henry Howorth. In his book "The Mammoth and the Flood", published in 1887, and in his articles in the Geological Magazine of London, he sought to show, by means of the evidence of the mammoth remains:
In the first place, that a very great cataclysm or catastrophe occurred... by which the animal, with its companions, were overwhelmed over a very large part of the earth's surface. Secondly, that this catastrophe involved a widespread flood of waters which not only killed the animals, but also buried them under continuous beds of loam or gravel. Thirdly, that the same catastrophe was accompanied by a very great and sudden change of climate in Siberia, by which the animals which had previously lived in fairly temperate conditions were frozen in their flesh under the ground and have remained frozen ever since.
Not only mammoth bones and tusks, but skulls and bones of rhinoceros, horses, bison, oxen, and sheep were plentiful in some of the islands of the Arctic Ocean north of Siberia. Note that Farrand denied the mammoth remains were evidence of a catastrophe, and stated that of the 39 frozen mammoth specimens, only 4 were complete.
Howorth, Sir Henry H. 1905. Ice or Water, Volume 1. Longmans, Green and Co., London.
Nelson, Byron C. 1969. The Deluge Story in Stone. Bethany Fellowship Inc., Minneapolis. p. 118.
Farrand, William R. 1961. Frozen Mammoths and Modern Geology. Science, 133:729-735.

© 1999 by Douglas E. Cox
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